A prosthesis means a replacement construction that can be removed, which replaces one or more teeth. A prosthesis that replaces all teeth in either the upper or lower mouth is called a helprothesis. A prosthesis that simply replaces individual teeth is called a partial prosthesis. In general, dentures are not as well attached as their own teeth or artificial teeth attached to neighboring teeth or to implants. Therefore, the first time you get a prosthesis there will be a habituation period. It will feel strange to have a foreign object in your mouth. If dentures are not secure enough, a push button system can be made in the prosthesis. Then the prosthesis snaps firmly with push buttons on some implants.
Helprothesis, if necessary, with push buttons on implants
If all teeth are missing in a jaw, the teeth can be replaced by a removable prosthesis in acrylic called a helprothesis. The prosthesis rests on the gums and creates a suction cup effect so that, under normal circumstances, does not fall out. You can use it to talk, smile and eat with. A helprothesis in the lower mouth rests exclusively on the tooth comb. A helprothesis in the upper mouth covers both the gum and a large part of the palate. A helprothesis in the upper mouth therefore has a larger area to create suction cup effect on. Help rats in the upper mouth are therefore usually also better attached. It has therefore also become increasingly common for dentures in the lower mouth to be combined with 2 implants. On the implanatas, push buttons are attached to the implants that fit in the lower mouth prosthesis. The prosthesis will thus be significantly better attached.
No periods without teeth
Typically, the first time you get a helprothesis will be associated with the removal of the remaining teeth in the mouth. Many are therefore nervous about the transition between their own teeth and prosthesis. Especially whether to go completely without teeth for a period of time. Usually, however, you will have a prosthesis ready on the day you remove the last teeth. The gums, in the period after the teeth have been removed, will change a lot. The prosthesis must therefore be adjusted to the gums so that it is still stuck when the gums change shape. An adaptation of the prosthesis is called a rebassing and is also a procedure that must be done from time to time. That's because over time, the gums will change a little. How often you have to have a rebassing done is individual. Some patients for it are done annually, while others can wait up to 5 years.
Delprotese / Unitor
Some prosthesis is for patients who lack some, but not all teeth in either the upper or lower mouth. Partial prostheses are divided into dentures made of pure acrylic and dentures with a cast steel frame as a base. Dentures with steel frames are also called a unitor. Whether the prosthesis is a unitor or an acrylic prosthesis, it is located on the gums. In addition, it is stuck by having small hangers around the neighboring teeth. The hangers make the prosthesis click into place and a partial prosthesis is therefore significantly better attached than a helprothesis without implants will do. However, in some cases it may also be a good idea to have push button devices on implants at a subprosthesis.
At a unitor, the frame and hangers are cast individually for the individual patient. The prosthesis and hangers are therefore perfectly suited. This gives the clear advantage that the unitor takes up significantly less space in the palate than an acrylic prosthesis. By the way, it's also better stuck. As the prosthesis takes up less space and is firmly attached, it will also be easier to get used to.
An acrylic prosthesis is typically used in the situation that the remaining teeth are not considered strong enough to hold a unitor. However, it is considered that the teeth are too good to simply remove. The acrylic prosthesis can easily be expanded over time in case additional teeth are lost. It is therefore also a good solution if the end goal is a helprothesis, but you want to postpone a helprothesis. Due to the fact that the prosthesis is made only in acrylic, it naturally takes up something more than a unitor. There will therefore be a somewhat longer period of habituation than in a unitor.